• To identify risk factors for developing pneumococcal infections, we carried out a case-controlled study on a retrospectively constituted cohort of 3074 clinic patients in a presumed high-risk population. Culture-proved pneumococcal infections were identified in 63 men over a period of 5.5 years, yielding an estimated incidence of 6.3 cases per 1000 person-years. By comparing these patients with 130 uninfected control patients, the relative risk of pneumococcal infections related to various exposures was calculated by logistic regression analysis. Statistically significant independent risk factors (and their relative risks) were as follows: dementia (5.82), seizure disorders (4.38), current cigarette smoking (4.00), congestive heart failure (3.83), cerebrovascular disease (3.82), institutionalization (3.13), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (2.38). Risk was increased with age and previous hospitalizations, and, to a nonsignificant degree, by hotel residence (3.93), lung cancer (2.24), previous smoking (2.14), corticosteroid use (1.81), and alcoholism (1.35); but not by diabetes mellitus (0.99), nonlung malignancies (0.93), nonwhite race (0.89), or ischemic heart disease (0.58).
(Arch Intern Med 1986;146:2179-2185)
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 115
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.