• Two years after pneumococcal vaccine was given to patients on a university renal transplant and hemodialysis service, vaccine failures began to occur. Serologic studies showed a threefold decrease in antibody levels during this period, from 913 ng of antibody nitrogen per milliliter to 315 ng/mL. The decrease was greater in patients undergoing hemodialysis than in renal transplant recipients (879 to 215 ng/mL vs 932 to 385 ng/mL). The lowest antibody levels were to types 4,6A, and 19F. Patients were revaccinated, without serious reactions, and pneumococcal infections decreased as they had after the original vaccination program. After revaccination, there was a twofold increase in antibody levels (315 to 602 ng/mL), but the levels did not reach those seen after primary vaccination. The increase was greater in hemodialysis than in renal transplant recipients (215 to 757 ng/mL vs 385 to 536 ng/mL). This experience indicates that pneumococcal vaccines may be effective in patients undergoing hemodialysis and in asplenic renal transplant recipients, but these groups will require revaccination sooner than normal subjects to maintain immunity.
(Arch Intern Med 1986;146:1554-1556)
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
* * SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE * *
Our websites may be periodically unavailable between midnight and 04:00 ET Thursday, July 10th, for regularly scheduled maintenance.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 64
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.