We have reviewed the incidence of Aeromonas in patients with enteric disease at our hospital and found it to be the highest of any potential enteric pathogen. Eighty adult patients with diarrhea had Aeromonas isolated from feces, and in 73 Aeromonas was the only potential bacterial or parasitic pathogen detected. The spectrum of illness in patients with Aeromonas-related diarrhea ranged from acute, self-limited diarrhea to a chronic, indolent diarrheal illness. Sixteen percent (13/80) of the patients had evidence of colitis noted during sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Our data (and those from other studies) indicate that Aeromonas is relatively common in the feces of adults with diarrhea; they also indicate the need for prospective, controlled clinical and bacteriological studies to determine whether or not Aeromonas is an important enteric pathogen in adults.
(Arch Intern Med 1985;145:2207-2211)