• A detailed time and financial analysis of an academic general internal medicine unit was used to examine financial, educational, and research issues. The residents' outpatient service possessed the greatest patient visit and revenue capacity, but revenue recovery was limited by low productivity and collection rate. Outpatient revenue production could be improved but would still be less than current inpatient revenues. Full financial self-sufficiency would require improvements in several aspects of revenue production and would severely limit faculty time for teaching, personal study, and research. Indirect financial contributions to the medical center through hospitalizations and referrals dwarfed direct revenues. Several strategies for academic general internal medicine units to achieve financial and academic survival are possible, each with its own set of trade-offs. Because local circumstances differ, strategies and outcomes are likely to vary among units.
(Arch Intern Med 1985;145:2093-2097)