• All patients receiving cefoxitin and cefamandole were prospectively reviewed for appropriate and inappropriate utilization. There were two eight-week survey periods. In period 1, 81 (70%) of 115 patients received cefoxitin appropriately and six (40%) of 15 patients received cefamandole appropriately. In patients receiving antibiotics inappropriately, 12 (35%) of the 34 receiving cefoxitin and eight (89%) of the nine receiving cefamandole had infections that could have been treated with less expensive, equally efficacious antibiotics. Changes in antibiotic therapy were made in 79% of patients based on our recommendations. The estimated annual cost saving for these antibiotics was $40,290. During period 2, 73 (91%) of 80 patients were given cefoxitin appropriately and 14 (61%) of 23 patients received cefamandole appropriately. Forty-three percent of those receiving cefoxitin and 33% of those receiving cefamandole inappropriately could have been treated with a less expensive, equally efficacious antibiotic. In 88% of patients, the attending physicians followed our recommendations.
(Arch Intern Med 1985;145:1978-1981)