• A randomized prospective study compared achievement and maintenance of therapeutic plasma concentrations in patients receiving computer-assisted (CA) initial lidocaine hydrochloride therapy, designed pharmacokinetically to achieve and maintain a chosen plasma concentration, v conventional lidocaine therapy (CT). A separate audit of outcome was also conducted. The CA regimens provided more effective concentrations in the first hour than did CT, 2.65 v 1.5 μg/mL average. In the audit, ventricular fibrillation occurred in two of 78 CA v eight of 78 CT patients. Dosage adjustments were required in two CA patients v 33 CT patients. The CA therapy improved therapeutic precision, reduced dosage adjustments, and may have improved safety during initial lidocaine therapy before fitting to plasma concentration data for subsequent feedback. An improved clinical computer program now also fits to plasma concentration data. It is accessed and used routinely by hospitals over an international timesharing network.
(Arch Intern Med 1984;144:703-709)