• Less than 60 cases of bilateral chylothorax have been previously reported, and only two of these involve complicated Mustard procedures. We describe herein a patient in whom severe bilateral chylothorax developed three weeks after Mustard repair of D transposition. Complete reversal of this condition was obtained with revision of the constricted interatrial baffle and ligation of the thoracic duct. This case is compared clinically with previously reported instances of chylothorax, and the role played by obstruction of the superior vena cava after a Mustard procedure for transposition of the great vessels is emphasized.
(Arch Intern Med 1982;142:1939-1941)