• Two sisters were found to have Bartter's syndrome. Both had hypokalemia, hyperreninemia, normal BPs, and decreased pressor responses to angiotensin II. During a water diuresis, patient 1 had an abnormally low distal tubular fractional reabsorption of chloride initially, but this normalized after hypokalemia was corrected for one year. Patient 2 had no demonstrable defect in chloride transport. Hypokalemia in Bartter's syndrome may be caused by some hereditary mechanisms other than defective reabsorption of chloride in the distal tubules.
(Arch Intern Med 1982;142:906-908)