• After a one-year experience with a continuous ambulatory and long-term intermittent peritoneal dialysis (CAPD and IPD, respectively) program in a Veterans Administration hospital, both forms of dialysis provided excellent biochemical control of the patients' conditions. The major drawback to peritoneal dialysis as opposed to hemodialysis is the high rate of rehospitalization resulting from peritonitis or problems related to the peritoneal catheter. The incidence of peritonitis was one episode per 4.1 patient months in CAPD and one episode per 7.3 patient months in IPD. Recurrent episodes of peritonitis in a given patient were associated with a decrease in the serum albumin level. Blood values for BUN, creatinine, serum electrolytes, calcium, and phosphorus, however, were not altered. To date, CAPD appears to be an effective alternative form of dialytic therapy.
(Arch Intern Med 141:187-190, 1981)