Exacerbation of hypertension and a marked excretion of protein in the urine were observed in three patients in the absence of underlying renal parenchymal disease or other causes of proteinuria. Stenosis of a renal artery and hyperreninemia were present in all three patients. Correction of the stenosis by arterial bypass or nephrectomy resulted in a rapid decrease in urinary protein excretion. The relationship between the levels of renin activity and the proteinuria in one patient and long-term follow-up in the other two patients are reported, and the mechanisms of this proteinuria are reviewed. Renal artery stenosis may be the underlying cause in some cases of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome.
(Arch Intern Med 140:1631-1634, 1980)