• Rhabdomyolysis can occur with phencyclidine hydrochloride (PCP) intoxication. However, to our knowledge acute renal failure with phencyclidine-induced rhabdomyolysis has not been reported previously. Therefore, we describe two patients with this condition. The modern treatment of phencyclidine intoxication, namely aggressive acidification and diuretic therapy, can enhance the risk of acute renal failure in patients with rhabdomyolysis. Therefore, exclusion of rhabdomyolysis is essential before acidification measures are undertaken.
(Arch Intern Med 140:568-569, 1980)