Anemia has been recognized recently as a possible complication of primary hyperparathyroidism. If the hyperparathyroid state can induce anemia in patients with normal kidney function, the extremely high levels of circulating parathyroid hormone usually observed in hyperparathyroidism secondary to chronic renal failure may have an unfavorable influence on the anemia of uremic patients.
We investigated the influence of subtotal parathyroidectomy on the severity of the anemia of 18 uremic subjects undergoing long-term hemodialysis therapy. Subtotal parathyroidectomy resulted in a significant increase of mean hematocrit value, RBC count, and hemoglobin level.
Serial bone biopsies suggested a relationship between the amount of marrow fibrosis and the improvement of anemia after surgery, but the precise mechanism of this phenomenon is still unknown.
Arch Intern Med 138:1650-1652, 1978)