Diagnostic Value of Ascitic Fluid Lactic Dehydrogenase, Protein, and WBC Levels

Thomas D. Boyer, MD; Arthur M. Kahn, MD; Telfer B. Reynolds, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1978;138(7):1103-1105. doi:10.1001/archinte.1978.03630320041014.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Three characteristics of an exudate, ie, an ascitic fluid lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) level of > 400 Sigma units (SU), an ascitic fluid-serum LDH ratio of > 0.6, and an ascitic fluid-serum protein ratio of > 0.5, were studied in a prospective fashion to determine their usefulness in the differential diagnosis of ascites. The ascitic fluid LDH level did not exceed 400 SU in any patient with uncomplicated chronic liver disease, whereas in patients with malignant, tuberculous, or pancreatic ascites it exceeded 500 SU in 12/19 patients. The finding of two of the three characteristics indicated a nonhepatic cause for the ascites whereas the absence of all three strongly suggested uncomplicated liver disease as the sole cause. The ascitic fluid WBC count was also useful in that values exceeded 500/cu mm in bacterial and tuberculous peritonitis whereas it was low (297 ± 49/cu mm) in chronic liver disease.

(Arch Intern Med 138:1103-1105, 1978)


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.