We analyzed the clinical and laboratory findings of 19 patients with tuberculous meningitis seen between 1966 and 1974 at the Henry Ford Hospital. Eighteen patients were adults at the time of diagnosis. In eight patients, the history suggested that the infection with the tubercle bacillus had occurred in the remote past. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis was often typical for tuberculous meningitis; stains for Mycobacterium tuberculosis were usually negative. Of 16 patients who were treated, five died and five suffered permanent neurological sequelae. The addition of rifampin to isoniazid therapy did not improve either survival or permanent sequelae. We were not able to analyze the effect of steroids on the disease.
(Arch Intern Med 137:1518-1521, 1977)