The most spectacular progress in ophthalmology has been made in medical ophthalmology, in the diagnosis of ocular lesions, and in the treatment of certain retinal diseases. These developments have proved most advantageous to the management of the patient. Not only do these new developments in medical ophthalmology reinforce the linkage between general medicine and ophthalmology, they also reemphasize that ophthalmology is not a surgical specialty, nor is it a medical or pediatric specialty. It is an organ-centered specialty that is concerned with every aspect of the visual system. In other areas of medicine only now do specialists of various disciplines get together to form a team such as the cardiologists and the cardiac surgeon, or the nephrologist and the kidney surgeon. We in ophthalmology have been fortunate enough to have been organ-oriented ever since ophthalmology was established as an independent specialty more than 150 years ago.
One of the most