Listeria monocytogenes infection has been observed in 13 patients, of a group of more than 700 renal transplants, treated during the past 13 1/2 years. The infection usually was manifested as bacteremia or meningitis. Twelve of the 13 patients survived the infection; one died of brain-stem herniation due to increased intracranial pressure. The recommended treatment is intravenously given ampicillin sodium.
(Arch Intern Med 137:1395-1399, 1977)