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Vibrio parahaemolyticus Septicemia

Robert E. Weaver, MD, PhD; N. Joel Ehrenkranz, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1975;135(1):197. doi:10.1001/archinte.1975.00330010199027.
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To the Editor.  —In the March 1974 issue of the Archives, Zide et al reported on a patient with fatal fulminating septicemia caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus.1 Erythema multiforme, hemolytic anemia, and hypotension were outstanding clinical manifestations. Additional studies ofCharacteristics of Halophilic Vibrio Species Characteristic Case Isolate V parahaemolyticus V alginolyticus Fermentation Lactose Sucrose Voges Proskauer Sodium chloride tolerance <8% >8% <10% >10% the halophilic microorganism isolated from this patient have shown characteristics that distinguish it from strains of V parahaemolyticus causing gastroenteritis, and from the subgroup 2 of V parahaemolyticus,2 now designated as V alginolyticus. This culture and 33 similar cultures that have been referred to the Special Bacteriology Section of the Center for Disease Control can be differentiated from V parahaemolyticus and V alginolyticus on the basis of fermentation of lactose (The lactose reaction on the isolate from the patient reported by Zide et al was not


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