Carcinoma more common diseases of the esophagus, occurring next in frequency to esophagitis and achalasia. It has been stated that the esophagus is the fourth most common site of malignant growths in men past the age of 20. In the United States it accounts for from 5 to 7 percent of all carcinomas in males. In contrast to the ratio of benign to malignant tumors in other organs, malignant lesions of the esophagus are about 100 times more frequent than are benign tumors.
General agreement is lacking as to the best method for treating carcinoma of the esophagus. In this disease palliative treatment is of the utmost importance because the cure rate by any method is low and the symptoms referable to interference with the swallowing mechanism are severe and disabling. Therefore in selecting treatment one must think in terms of palliation as well as of cure.
Resection for carcinoma