The Ethics of Psychoanalysis. The Theory and Method of Autonomous Psychotherapy.

Charles D. Aring, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1965;116(6):953-954. doi:10.1001/archinte.1965.03870060151032.
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Freud devised a method of psychotherapy to extend the patient's autonomy and named it "psychoanalysis." There has developed in the wake of his ideas criticism difficult to understand: that he did just the opposite, that is stood for irresponsibility. How true it is that when Peter tells us about Paul we generally learn more about Peter! It seems possible that the promulgators of this sort of dogma either have not read Freud—there is a good deal of it!—or they may fail of understanding because their own thinking gets in the way. As one long-suffering teacher finally expostulated after being misquoted again and again: "That's not what I said, that's what you heard."

Freud stood first and foremost for the liberation of man from tyranny of any sort. His particular enlightenment concerned the tyranny of the mind of man; his forte was not the macrocosm. His whole intellectual life was devoted


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