Nutritional and Metabolic Aspects of Congestive Heart Failure

AMA Arch Intern Med. 1955;96(1):11-18. doi:10.1001/archinte.1955.04430010025002.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Among the Various aspects of the management of heart failure, nutrition has continued for many years to occupy a position of prominence. In cardiac decompensation, regardless of its etiology, alterations in cellular metabolism and physiology may rapidly influence alimentation and absorption of an adequate diet, the utilization of assimilated food elements, and the distribution of substrate, electrolytes, and water throughout the body.

The immediate problem in nutritional management is that of reducing the work load of the heart and preventing and eliminating abnormal water and sodium storage in extracellular space. The long-term problem is essentially that of maintaining the caloric, nitrogen, and accessory food factor balances at the minimum level of caloric intake to which the organism can be successfully adapted.

1. REDUCTION OF THE WORK LOAD OF THE HEART  Since cardiac output and the work of the heart are geared to the over-all metabolism of the individual person, a


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 2

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.