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Cybernetics: Circular Causal and Feedback Mechanisms in Biological and Social Systems; Transactions of the Ninth Conference, March 20-21, 1952.

AMA Arch Intern Med. 1954;93(2):312-313. doi:10.1001/archinte.1954.00240260148023.
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The average physician is apt to feel very ill at ease when discussion of cybernetics comes up, and not without reason. For some who do not feel concern there may be confusion. To an extent both of these may be resolved in part by thoughtful reading of the Josiah Macy, Jr., Foundation's "Transactions of the Ninth Conference on Cybernetics," which is now published in book form. This book is an edited transcript of a small meeting in which a number of devotees of the fields of cybernetics presented papers and much informal discussion. There was a healthy give and take, a certain amount of argument, and perhaps because of the nature of the meeting there was a good deal more humility than is expressed in the published pontifications of some of the people who participated in the conference. It might be well for the casual reader to have some background


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