We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

The Metabolic Response to Surgery.

AMA Arch Intern Med. 1953;91(2):281. doi:10.1001/archinte.1953.00240140141010.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


The philosophy of this monograph is best illustrated by direct quotation: "The dangerously sick patient today is not a problem in diagnosis, sepsis, technique, pain. He is a problem in balance, in nutritional decompensation, in endocrine function, in extrarenal loss." This volume deals, then, with the patient's contribution to successful surgery—his biologic response to surgery.

A large mass of carefully collected metabolic balance data on nitrogen, potassium, sodium, and calories is clearly presented in the explanatory texts and numerous charts. The theories of the catabolic response to injury are analyzed briefly, followed by a detailed consideration of the role of starvation, immobilization, and endocrine (adrenal cortex) factors in this response. Interesting control experiments on college students, including general anesthesia and mock operations, are described, and the analogies and differences between the metabolic processes of surgical trauma and the artificial combination of short-term starvation, immobilization, and administration of corticotropin (ACTH) are


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.