The American Cancer Society uses 25% of its publicly contributed funds to support its research program. It has tried to achieve a balanced program by three types of research support:
Fellowships to young scientists for specified training in cancer research at designated institutions of higher learning.
Grants-in-aid to institutions for the research of individual scientists working on specified, well-formulated projects in any phase of cancer research: basic, applied, laboratory, or clinical.
Institutional research grants to institutions of established reputation which conduct integrated programs of cancer research.
This report concerns only the institutional research grants, which are the most recent of the Society's research projects. The institutional research grant is designed as a direct and essentially a program grant, in contrast to the project grants. It provides the responsible director of the research program with both fluid funds and venture capital which may attract other funds into his program.
The first part of