ADOLF MEYER died in March 1950, and with him passed that group of great men who enormously developed psychiatry in the first quarter of this century. Meyer and Freud fought against Kraepelin for the recognition of psychogenesis as a cause of mental disorder. Nowadays, when every educated person imbibes some of the concepts of psychogenesis and motivation in general reading, and when every medical student learns something about them in his early psychiatric studies, it does not seem possible that the field was a battleground so recently. Now that the battle has been won, it is hard to believe how well entrenched was Kraepelin and his systematic "imperial German psychiatry." The victory was due to investigations of the physiology of the emotions by Cannon and Pavlov and to the advances in medical psychology by Meyer, Freud, Janet and Prince.
Meyer and Freud started what is now known as "dynamic psychiatry."