Interest in expanding health insurance to all Americans has placed new emphasis on the benefit of existing public health programs for low-income, underinsured populations. In a time-to-event analysis, with pre-post comparisons, Lobb et al examined timely follow-up after an abnormal mammogram for 2252 participants in the Massachusetts National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program. After the introduction of case management, adjusted risk of diagnostic delay (>60 days) decreased by 35%, and the decrease did not differ by race/ethnicity. The adjusted risk of treatment delay (>90 days) was not associated with case management, and implementation of free treatment was not associated with diagnostic or treatment delay beyond improvements following the introduction of case management. These findings suggest that services to coordinate care, in addition to providing coverage for care, may be required to improve health outcomes for low-income women.