Studies performed by the World Health Organization (WHO) show that at least one-third of all disease burden in developed countries can be attributable to 5 modifiable risk factors: tobacco use, blood pressure level, cholesterol level, obesity, and alcohol use.1 Patients play a fundamental role in public health as they ultimately make decisions regarding how to lead their lives. These important choices have an impact on their health, the effectiveness of prescribed treatments, and their use of medical resources. Therefore, in order to improve the health of patients, the role of health care professionals extends beyond practicing evidence-based medicine to providing patients with an easy-to-understand assessment of their cardiovascular disease risk and the means to modify their risk.
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