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Research Letter |

Patterns of Needlestick and Sharps Injuries Among Training Residents

Thomas Marnejon, DO1,2,3,4; David Gemmel, PhD1; Kelli Mulhern, BS2
[+] Author Affiliations
1St Elizabeth Health Center, Departments of Medical Education and Internal Medicine, Youngstown, Ohio
2Northeastern Ohio Medical University, Rootstown
3Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, Erie, Pennsylvania
4Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Athens
JAMA Intern Med. 2016;176(2):251-252. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.6828.
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This observational study analyzes the incidence of needlestick and sharps injuries reported by medical residents between January 2000 and June 2014 trained at a US hospital.

Needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs), a common occupational hazard for health care workers, are serious due to seroconversion risk. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 385 000 needlestick injuries occur annually among US hospital employees.1 Current research on residents is sparse and conflicting. Needlestick and sharps injuries have been reported highest during the first postgraduate year (PGY),25 but studies have relied on self-reported data or a small sample of residents in single institutions. Other investigations have not found a pattern of NSIs by PGY level.68 This study systematically examined whether NSIs varied by PGY level and described patterns of NSIs among house staff.

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Figure 1.
Observed vs Expected Needlestick and Sharps Injuries by Postgraduate Year Level
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Figure 2.
Pattern of Needlestick and Sharps Injuries (n = 124)

Five injury reports did not identify the site of the injury.

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