Accepted for Publication: April 7, 2015.
Published Online: June 22, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.2609.
Study concept and design: Subak, King.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Subak, King, Belle, Chen, Courcoulas, Flum, Pories, Wolfe, Huang.
Drafting of the manuscript: Subak, King.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: King, Chen.
Obtained funding: Belle, Courcoulas, Flum, Pories, Wolfe.
Study supervision: Belle, Courcoulas, Flum, Pories, Wolfe.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Subak reported receiving funding from Astellas Scientific and Medical Affairs, Inc via contracts with the University of California, San Francisco. Dr Courcoulas reported receiving research grants from Allergan, Pfizer, Covidien, EndoGastric Solutions, and Nutrisystem and reported serving on the scientific advisory boards of Ethicon and Johnson & Johnson Health Care Systems. Dr Flum reported receiving research grants from Covidien and sanofi. Dr Pender reported receiving research grants from GlaxoSmithKline and Covidien. Dr Pories reported receiving a research grant from Johnson & Johnson Health Care Systems. Dr Wolfe reported serving as a consultant and advisor for Covidien, Ethicon, Crospon, Viudico, and Medtronics and reported receiving a research grant from Enteromedics. Dr Huang reported receiving funding from Pfizer via contracts with the University of California, San Francisco to conduct research unrelated to bariatric surgery or urinary incontinence. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: The Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery 2 represents a cooperative agreement funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, including the following grant numbers: grant U01 DK066557 (Data Coordinating Center), grant U01-DK66667 (Columbia University Medical Center) in collaboration with grant UL1-RR024996 (Cornell University Medical Center), grant U01-DK66568 (University of Washington) in collaboration with grant M01RR-00037 (Cornell University Medical Center), grant U01-DK66471 (Neuropsychiatric Research Institute), grant U01-DK66526 (East Carolina University), grant U01-DK66585 (University of Pittsburgh Medical Center) in collaboration with grant UL1-RR024153 (Cornell University Medical Center), and grant U01-DK66555 (Oregon Health & Science University). Dr Subak is the recipient of grant K24 DK080775 from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases scientists contributed to the design and conduct of the study, which included collection and management of data. The project scientist from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases served as a member of the steering committee, along with the principal investigator from each clinical site and the Data Coordinating Center. The Data Coordinating Center housed all data during the study and performed data analyses according to a prespecified plan developed by the Data Coordinating Center biostatistician and approved by the steering committee and independent data and safety monitoring board. The decision to publish was made by the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery 2 steering committee, with no restrictions imposed by the sponsor. A National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases scientist contributed to the interpretation of the data and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Previous Presentations: This study was presented at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association; May 18, 2014; Orlando, Florida; and at the American Urogynecologic Society and International Urogynecological Association Joint Annual Scientific Meeting; July 25, 2014; Washington, DC.