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Research Letter |

Deaths Due to Cigarette Smoking for 12 Smoking-Related Cancers in the United States

Rebecca L. Siegel, MPH1; Eric J. Jacobs, PhD2; Christina C. Newton, MSPH2; Diane Feskanich, ScD3; Neal D. Freedman, PhD4; Ross L. Prentice, PhD5; Ahmedin Jemal, DVM, PhD1
[+] Author Affiliations
1Surveillance and Health Services Research Program, Intramural Research Department, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia
2Epidemiology Research Program, Intramural Research Department, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia
3Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
4Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland
5Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchison Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington
JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(9):1574-1576. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.2398.
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This study estimated the number of deaths attributable to cigarette smoking for 12 smoking-related cancers and found that continued progress in reducing cancer mortality requires more comprehensive tobacco control.

The 2014 US Surgeon General’s Report provided the estimated annual number of smoking-attributable deaths during 2005 to 2009 from cancer overall and lung cancer specifically but not separately for the 11 other cancers found to be caused by smoking.1 Current estimates of smoking-attributable mortality for specific cancer sites are based on data from 2000 to 2004.2 Updated estimates are needed because smoking patterns and the magnitude of the association between smoking and cancer death have changed in the past decade. From 2000 to 2012, smoking prevalence decreased from 23.2% to 18.1%.3 In contrast to this favorable trend, recently published data revealed that the risk of cancer death among smokers can increase over time.4 Therefore, we estimated the number and proportion of deaths in the United States in 2011 attributable to cigarette smoking for 12 cancers caused by smoking.

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Number of Cancer Deaths Attributable to Cigarette Smoking in 2011 in Adults 35 Years and Older by Cancer Type
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