Published Online: June 1, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.2047.
Study concept and design: Friedberg, Volpp, Schneider.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Friedberg, Rosenthal, Werner, Schneider.
Drafting of the manuscript: Friedberg.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Rosenthal, Werner, Volpp, Schneider.
Statistical analysis: Friedberg.
Obtained funding: Friedberg, Volpp.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Volpp.
Study supervision: Schneider.
Economic and policy analysis: Rosenthal.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Friedberg has received compensation from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs for consultation related to medical home implementation and research support from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute via subcontract to the National Committee for Quality Assurance. Dr Volpp has received compensation as a consultant from CVS Caremark and VALHealth and has received research funding from CVS Caremark, Humana, Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield, Weight Watchers, and Discovery (South Africa). No other authors have potential conflicts of interest to disclose.
Funding/Support: This study was sponsored by the Commonwealth Fund.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The Commonwealth Fund had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: The authors have published a related report7 from the same overall study, which evaluated the southeast region of the Pennsylvania Chronic Care Initiative (a “medical home” intervention with components different from the intervention evaluated in the current manuscript).
Additional Contributions: We gratefully acknowledge Aaron Kofner, MA, MS (RAND), Scott Ashwood, PhD (RAND), Scot Hickey, MA (RAND), and Samuel Hirshman, BA (RAND), for assistance with programming and data management; Claude Setodji, PhD (RAND), for statistical consultation; and Marcela Myers, MD (Commonwealth of Pennsylvania), and Michael Bailit, MM (Bailit Health Purchasing, LLC), for providing data on pilot intervention design and NCQA recognition levels and for facilitating other data collection. Mr Kofner, Dr Ashwood, Mr Hickey, Mr Hirshman, and Dr Setodji received compensation for their roles in the study.
Correction: This article was corrected online on June 2, 2015, to correct the Role of the Funder/Sponsor statement.