Accepted for Publication: February 12, 2015.
Published Online: May 11, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.1035.
Study concept and design: Sage.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Sage, Jablonski.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Jablonski, Thomas.
Obtained funding: Sage, Thomas.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Sage, Thomas.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by award R18-HS019561-01 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Drs Sage and Thomas).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding source had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Additional Contributions: We thank Raymond S. Greenberg, MD, PhD, Kenneth I. Shine, MD, Melodie Krane, JD, Allene Evans, JD, Erika Kenney, BA, and Kathy Smith, BA, from The University of Texas System for facilitating access to The University of Texas data. University of Texas law students Molly Colvard, BS, and Jessica Winchell, JD, provided research assistance, including statistical analysis of the data. They were compensated at the usual university rates for student research assistants.