During an average of 9 years of follow-up, we identified 20 126 deaths in men and 11 330 deaths in women. There were 5248 CVD deaths and 8244 cancer deaths in men and 2417 CVD deaths and 4927 cancer deaths in women. Age-adjusted total, CVD, and cancer mortality rates per 100 000 person-years were 991, 258, and 406, respectively, in men and 716, 153, and 311, respectively, in women. Energy-adjusted dietary fiber intake ranged from 13 (10th percentile) to 29 (90th percentile) g/d in men and from 11 to 26 g/d in women. The ranges (10th-90th percentiles) of energy-adjusted fiber intake from grains, fruits, vegetables, and beans were 3.3 to 11.1, 0.9 to 8.0, 3.1 to 10.6, and 0.6 to 4.8 g/d, respectively, in men and 2.5 to 8.8, 1.0 to 8.1, 2.9 to 10.3, and 0.3 to 3.4 g/d, respectively, in women. Compared with individuals in the lowest quintile of dietary fiber intake, persons in the highest quintile were more likely to have higher education, to have self-rated their health as being very good/excellent, to have a lower BMI, to be physically active, and to use menopausal hormone therapy in women but were less likely to smoke, to drink alcohol, and to consume red meat (Table 1).