Accepted for Publication: January 28, 2015.
Published Online: April 6, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.0541.
Study concept and design: Gebel, Ding, Brown, Bauman.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Gebel, Ding, Stamatakis, Brown, Bauman.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Ding, Chey.
Obtained funding: Bauman.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Gebel, Bauman.
Study supervision: Stamatakis, Brown, Bauman.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by project grant G170286 (Improving Outcomes for People With Cardiovascular Disease in the NSW Community) from the Heart Foundation of Australia.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding source had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: Kris Rogers, PhD, from the University of Sydney provided statistical advice. This research was completed using data collected through the Sax Institute’s 45 and Up Study (www.saxinstitute.org.au). The 45 and Up Study is managed by the Sax Institute in collaboration with major partner Cancer Council NSW and partners: the National Heart Foundation of Australia (NSW Division); NSW Ministry of Health; beyondblue; Ageing, Disability, and Home Care; Department of Family and Community Services; the Australian Red Cross Blood Service; and UnitingCare Ageing. We thank the many thousands of people participating in the 45 and Up Study.
Correction: This article was corrected on June 2, 2015, to fix an error in the text.