Accepted for Publication: December 18, 2014.
Published Online: April 6, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.0533.
Study concept and design: Arem, Moore, Weiderpass, Linet, Lee, Matthews.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Arem, Moore, Patel, Hartge, Berrington de Gonzalez, Visvanathan, Campbell, Freedman, Adami, Lee.
Drafting of the manuscript: Arem, Moore, Campbell.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Arem, Moore, Hartge.
Obtained funding: Campbell, Adami, Lee.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Berrington de Gonzalez, Campbell, Freedman, Adami, Lee, Matthews.
Study supervision: Moore, Weiderpass, Adami, Linet, Lee.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported in part by the Intramural Research Program in the Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics and the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, both of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Cancer Institute (NCI). The NIH-AARP (formerly American Association of Retired Persons) Diet and Health study was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NCI. The Campaign against Cancer and Stroke II was supported by National Institute of Aging grant U01 AG18033 and NCI grant CA105069. The CPS II was supported by the Intramural Research Program at the American Cancer Society. The US Radiologic Technologists study was supported by the Intramural Research Program, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, NCI. The Women’s Health Study was supported by grant CA047988 from the NCI and grants HL043851, HL080467, and HL099355 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. The Swedish Women’s Lifestyle and Health study is supported by Swedish Research Council grant 521-2011-2955.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We are indebted to all study participants for their outstanding cooperation. We also acknowledge the contribution to this study from central cancer registries supported through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Program of Cancer Registries and cancer registries supported by the National Cancer Institute Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results program. Certain Campaign Against Cancer and Heart Disease data were provided by the Vital Statistics Administration, Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Baltimore. The Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene disclaims responsibility for any analyses, interpretation, or conclusions.