Published Online: March 16, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.114.
Study concept and design: All authors.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Stefan, Jaber, Garb, Fitzgerald, Rothberg.
Drafting of the manuscript: Stefan, Jaber, Garb.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Stefan, Lindenauer, Garb, Fitzgerald, Rothberg.
Statstical analysis: Stefan, Garb.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Jaber, Fitzgerald.
Study supervision: Jaber, Lindenauer, Fitzgerald, Rothberg.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Lindenauer receives support to develop hospital outcome measures from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. No other conflicts were reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Stefan is supported by grant 1K01HL114631-01A1 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health and by grant UL1RR025752 from the National Center for Research Resources and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The content of this article is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.
Additional Contributions: Anu Joshi, Clinical Research Coordinator, Center for Quality of Care Research, Baystate Medical Center, provided assistance in editing the manuscript and preparing the tables. Ms Joshi was not compensated for her contribution.