Published Online: March 9, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.121.
Study concept and design: Pell, Limon, Lin.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Pell, Mancuso, Oman, Lin.
Drafting of the manuscript: Pell, Mancuso, Oman, Lin.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Pell, Mancuso, Oman, Lin.
Obtained funding: Pell.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Pell, Mancuso, Lin.
Study supervision: Pell, Lin.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by the University of Colorado Hospital Clinical Effectiveness and Patient Safety Small Grants Program.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding source had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: Esther Langmack, MD, CCMEP, Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, provided editorial assistance in preparing the manuscript. Carl Miller, MA, Patient and Family Centered Care, University of Colorado Hospital, informed the project from a patient perspective, and Alice Pekarek RN, BSN, Clinical Informatics, University of Colorado Health, provided the nursing informatics perspective. None of these contributors received compensation for their roles.