Group Information: A list of the Canadian Researchers at the End of Life Network (CARENET) members is provided at http://www.thecarenet.ca/.
Accepted for Publication: November 3, 2014.
Published Online: February 2, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.7732.
Study concept and design: You, Downar, Fowler, Lamontagne, Kryworuchko, Strachan, Ilan, Neary, Brazil, Heyland.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: You, Downar, Fowler, Ma, Jayaraman, Kryworuchko, Strachan, Ilan, Nijjar, Neary, Shik, Patel, Wiebe, Albert, Palepu, Nouvet, Roze des Ordons, Sharma, Abdul-Razzak, Jiang, Day, Heyland.
Drafting of the manuscript: You, Downar, Fowler, Jayaraman, Kryworuchko, Heyland.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: You, Downar, Fowler, Lamontagne, Ma, Kryworuchko, Strachan, Ilan, Nijjar, Neary, Shik, Brazil, Patel, Wiebe, Albert, Palepu, Nouvet, Roze des Ordons, Sharma, Abdul-Razzak, Jiang, Day.
Statistical analysis: Fowler, Albert, Jiang, Day.
Obtained funding: You, Fowler, Lamontagne, Kryworuchko, Strachan, Brazil, Heyland.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Downar, Fowler, Jayaraman, Kryworuchko, Ilan, Nijjar, Neary, Shik, Patel, Albert, Nouvet, Heyland.
Study supervision: You, Lamontagne, Shik, Albert.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by an operating grant from the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR). Dr You is supported by a Research Early Career Award from Hamilton Health Sciences. Dr Fowler is supported by a Clinician Scientist Award from the Heart and Stroke Foundation (Ontario). Dr Nouvet is supported by a Fellowship in Ethics from CIHR.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: This research was presented at the Canadian Society of Internal Medicine Annual Scientific Meeting; October 5, 2013; Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Additional Contributions: We thank Laurence Green, MD, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada, Melanie Gagnon, MD, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada, and Jean-François Lajoie, MD, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada, for their assistance with data collection; they were not compensated for their work. We also thank Jamison Mercer, MD, Memorial University, St John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, for his assistance with data collection; he was compensated for his work. We thank Janet Overvelde, BSc, and Shawna Froese, BSc, Clinical Evaluation Research Unit, Kingston General Hospital, for project and database management; they are employees of the Clinical Evaluation Research Unit and were compensated for their work.
Correction: This article was corrected online February 19, 2015, for error in the first sentence of the Methods section.