Accepted for Publication: August 11, 2014.
Published Online: October 27, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.5294.
Study concept and design: Berkowitz, Krumme, Brennan, Pezalla, Choudhry.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Berkowitz, Krumme, Avorn, Matlin, Spettell, Brill, Shrank, Choudhry.
Drafting of the manuscript: Berkowitz, Krumme, Choudhry.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Krumme, Avorn, Brennan, Matlin, Spettell, Pezalla, Brill, Shrank, Choudhry.
Statistical analysis: Berkowitz, Krumme, Brill, Choudhry.
Obtained funding: Matlin, Shrank, Choudhry.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Avorn, Brennan, Matlin, Spettell, Shrank, Choudhry.
Study supervision: Avorn, Pezalla, Choudhry.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Berkowitz reported receiving funding from Institutional National Research Service Award T32HP10251, the Ryoichi Sasakawa Fellowship Fund, and the General Medicine Division at Massachusetts General Hospital. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by an unrestricted grant from CVS Health to Brigham and Women’s Hospital.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding source had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.