Accepted for Publication: July 15, 2014.
Published Online: September 8, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.4501.
Study concept and design: Lee, Nsa, Hausmann, Trivedi, Bratzler, Baus, Fine.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Lee, Nsa, Hausmann, Trivedi, Auden, Mor, Baus, Larbi, Fine.
Drafting of the manuscript: Lee, Nsa, Auden.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Nsa, Auden, Mor.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Lee, Bratzler, Baus, Larbi.
Study supervision: Lee, Baus, Larbi, Fine.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Hausmann reported receiving support from a Veterans Affairs Career Development Award (RCD 06-387). Dr Nsa and Ms Auden reported being employees of the Oklahoma Foundation for Medical Quality (OFMQ), a Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) contractor, and participated in the study as part of their employment duties. Dr Bratzler reported serving as a technical advisor and consultant for OFMQ and Telligen, being employed as full-time faculty for Oklahoma University Health Sciences Center, and receiving grant support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dr Fine receives annual royalties from the chapter he authored titled “Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults: Risk Stratification and the Decision to Admit” published in UpToDate and has ownership of mutual funds that invest in companies in the health care sector.
Funding/Support: The analyses on which this study is based were performed under contract No. HHSM-500-2011-OK10C funded by the CMS, an agency of the US Department of Health and Human Services.
Role of the Sponsor: CMS regional officers reviewed and approved the manuscript but had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Department of Health and Human Services or the Department of Veterans Affairs, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the US government. The authors assume full responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the ideas presented.
Correction: The Conflict of Interest Disclosures for this article were corrected on September 10, 2014.