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Research Letter |

Baseline Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Major Cardiovascular Events: Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea Trial

Helmut Schröder, PhD1,2; Jordi Salas-Salvadó, MD, PhD3,4; Miguel Angel Martínez-González, MD, PhD4,5; Montserrat Fíto, MD, PhD1,4; Dolores Corella, DPharm, PhD4,6; Ramón Estruch, MD, PhD4,7; Emilio Ros, MD, PhD4,8
[+] Author Affiliations
1Cardiovascular Risk and Nutrition Research Group, Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute, Barcelona, Spain
2Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
3Human Nutrition Department, Sant Joan Hospital, Institut Rovira i Virgili, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
4Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
5Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
6Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
7Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic, Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
8Lipid Clinic, Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Clinic, Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(10):1690-1692. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.3463.
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Lifestyle modification, particularly dietary changes, is the cornerstone of population-based strategies for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention.1 Recently the Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea (PREDIMED) study,2 a 5-year randomized primary prevention trial (isrctn.org Identifier: ISRCTN35739639), showed a 30% reduction in incident CVD with Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) intervention in comparison with a control diet. At quarterly visits throughout the study, a validated 14-item MeDiet screening tool (Table 1) was used to assess conformity with this dietary pattern.3

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