Published Online: July 28, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.3438.
Study concept and design: Downing, Ross.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Smithy.
Study supervision: Downing, Ross.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Mr Smithy reports that he owns a small number of shares of the following pharmaceutical companies: Bristol-Myers Squibb, Gilead, Johnson & Johnson, and Roche. Dr Ross receives support from Medtronic Inc and Johnson & Johnson to develop methods of clinical trial data sharing, from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to develop and maintain performance measures that are used for public reporting, and from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to develop methods for postmarket surveillance of medical devices. Dr Ross reports that he is a member of a scientific advisory board for FAIR Health Inc. No other disclosures are reported.
Additional Information: Dr Ross is supported by the National Institute on Aging (K08 AG032886) and by the American Federation for Aging Research through the Paul B. Beeson Career Development Award Program.