Accepted for Publication: April 1, 2014.
Published Online: May 17, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1824.
Study concept and design: Lipska, Minges, Huang, Gill, Krumholz.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Lipska, Ross, Wang, Inzucchi, Minges, Karter, Desai.
Drafting of the manuscript: Lipska.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Wang, Karter, Desai.
Obtained funding: Krumholz
Administrative, technical, or material support: Minges.
Study supervision: Inzucchi, Huang, Gill.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Ross is a member of a scientific advisory board for FAIR Health. Drs Ross and Krumholz are recipients of a research grant from Medtronic through Yale University. Drs Wang and Krumholz receive contract funding from CMS to develop and maintain quality measures. Dr Inzucchi has served as an advisor to Merck, Boehringer Ingelheim, BMS, Janssen, and Novo-Nordisk. Dr Krumholz chairs a cardiac scientific advisory board for UnitedHealth. No other disclosures are reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Lipska was supported by a training grant T32AG1934 from the National Institute on Aging and is currently supported by the Pepper Center Career Development Award (P30 AG21342), a grant for Early Medical/Surgical Specialists’ Transition to Aging Research (R03 AG045086) from the National Institute on Aging, and the Yale Center for Investigation Scholar Award. This study was made possible by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical and Transitional Science Awards grant No. UL1 TR000142 from the National Center for Advancing Translational Science (NCATS), a component of the NIH. Dr Ross is supported by grant No. K08 AG032886-05 from the National Institute on Aging and by the American Federation for Aging Research through the Paul B. Beeson Career Development Award Program. Mr Minges is supported by a training grant T32DK097718 from the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Drs Karter and Huang are funded by the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases (grant No. R01 DK081796 [Drs Karter and Huang], R01 DK65664 and P30 DK092924 [Dr Karter] and P30 DK092949 [Dr Huang]). Dr Gill is supported by an Academic Leadership Award (K07AG043587) from the National Institute on Aging. Dr Krumholz is supported by grant No. U01 HL105270 (Center for Cardiovascular Outcomes Research at Yale University) from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
Role of the Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The contents of this article are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official view of the NIH.
Previous Presentations: The abstract based on this work was an oral presentation at the American Diabetes Association Scientific Sessions; June 24, 2013; Chicago, Illinois; and at the American Geriatrics Society 2014 Annual Meeting; May 17, 2014; Orlando, Florida.