Published Online: March 31, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.300.
Study concept and design: Elliott, Young, Brice.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Elliott, Young, Aguiar, Kolm.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Elliott, Kolm.
Obtained funding: Elliott.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Elliott, Brice, Aguiar.
Study supervision: Elliott, Young.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: During the study period and the evaluation period, Dr Brice served as division chief, hospital medicine, Christiana Care Health System and president and managing physician, Christiana Medical Group, PA. She has served as a consultant for IPC, The Hospitalist Company, Inc. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by internal funding from the Chairs Leadership Council at Christiana Care Health System.
Role of the Sponsor: The Chairs Leadership Council at Christiana Care Health System had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: Seema Sonnad, PhD, Christiana Care Value Institute, and Sandy Schwartz, MD, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, provided critical reviews of an earlier version of this article. The contributors received no financial compensation.