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Incidence of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training in the United States:  Assessment of a Key Link in the “Chain of Survival”

Audrey L. Blewer, MPH1,2; Benjamin S. Abella, MD, MPhil1,2
[+] Author Affiliations
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
2Center for Resuscitation Science, Perelman School of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(2):201. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.11470.
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Immediate provision of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by a layperson or a health care provider may double an individual’s likelihood of surviving cardiac arrest. Despite extensive CPR training programs throughout the United States, studies from a range of communities have demonstrated that fewer than one-third of individuals who experience out-of-hospital cardiac arrest receive bystander-initiated CPR before the arrival of emergency medical services personnel and that CPR delivery varies considerably between different locales.1,2 Whether such variability is the result of differences in a willingness to provide care or differences in the prevalence of CPR training remains unknown. This knowledge gap underscores a related and perhaps more fundamental question that remains unanswered some 50 years after the development of CPR: What is the rate of CPR training in the US population?

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