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Comment & Response |

Understanding Drug Effects in Older People: The Role of Pharmacology—Reply

Sarah D. Berry, MD, MPH1; David D. Dore, PharmD, PhD2
[+] Author Affiliations
1Institute for Aging Research, Hebrew SeniorLife and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
2Department of Health Services, Policy and Practice and Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(20):1930-1931. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.9762.
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In Reply We agree with Gnjidic and colleagues that it is important to consider pharmacologic factors, including dose, drug interactions, and individual drug effects, when conducting pharmacoepidemiologic studies in older persons. The Drug Burden Index (DBI) has been one metric proposed to account for the composite burden of sedatives and anticholinergic drugs.1 While this index considers pharmacologic factors such as dose and specific drug interactions, it assumes that similar drugs have identical pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic effects in all individuals.1 To the degree that this assumption is violated, bias from misclassification of exposure is introduced. Furthermore, analyses with the DBI may be difficult for clinicians to interpret because they do not provide specific information on the dose and drug of concern.

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November 11, 2013
Danijela Gnjidic, PhD, MPH; Nicholas Wilson, PhD; Sarah N. Hilmer, MBBS, PhD
1Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
2Department of Rheumatology, Mafraq Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
3Royal North Shore Hospital, Kolling Institute of Medical Research and Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
JAMA Intern Med. 2013;173(20):1930. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.9782.
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