Accepted for Publication: June 11, 2013.
Author Contributions:Study concept and design: Li, Chiuve, Pai, Hu, Willett, Rimm.
Acquisition of data: Willett, Mukamal, Rimm.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Li, Chiuve, Flint, Pai, Forman, Hu, Willett, Mukamal.
Drafting of the manuscript: Li.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Li, Willett.
Obtained funding: Willett, Rimm.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Willett.
Published Online: September 2, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.9768.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by grants AA11181, HL35464, HL34594, HL60712, CA55075, CA87969, and CA055075 from the National Institutes of Health.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented in part in the moderated poster session at the American Heart Association Epidemiology and Prevention Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism scientific sessions; March 19, 2013; New Orleans, Louisiana.
Additional Contributions: Lydia Liu, MS, Donna Spiegelman, ScD, and Ellen Hertzmark, MA, assisted with programming for this study. We thank the staff and participants in the Nurses’ Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School.
Correction: This article was corrected online October 21, 2013, for errors in the fourth author’s name in the byline.