Published Online: July 8, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.7815.
Study concept and design: Baer, Karson, Bates.
Acquisition of data: Baer, Karson.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Baer, Karson, Soukup, Williams, Bates.
Drafting of the manuscript: Baer.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Baer, Karson, Soukup, Williams, Bates.
Statistical analysis: Baer, Soukup.
Obtained funding: Baer.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Baer, Karson, Williams, Bates.
Study supervision: Baer, Bates.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Bates is a coinventor on patent No. 6029138, held by Brigham and Women’s Hospital, on the use of decision support software for medical management, licensed to the Medicalis Corp. He holds a minority equity position in the privately held company Medicalis, which develops web-based decision support for radiology test ordering. He serves on the board for SEA Medical Systems, which makes intravenous pump technology. He serves as an advisor to Calgary Scientific, which makes technologies that enable mobility within EHRs. He is on the clinical advisory board for Zynx Inc, which develops evidence-based algorithms, and Patient Safety Systems, which provides a set of approaches to help hospitals improve safety. He is a consultant for EarlySense, which makes patient safety monitoring systems.
Funding/Support: Dr Baer was supported by a Mentored Research Scientist Career Development Award from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (K01HS019789). Some funding for this work also was provided by the Eleanor and Miles Shore 50th Anniversary Fellowship for Scholars in Medicine from Harvard Medical School.
Role of the Sponsors: The funding organization had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.