Accepted for Publication: February 3, 2013.
Published Online: May 20, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.1026.
Study concept and design: Chen and Chan.
Acquisition of data: Chen and Chan.
Drafting of the manuscript: Chen and Chan.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Chen, Li, and Chan.
Study supervision: Chan.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study is supported by Career Development Grant Award K23HL102224 from the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (Dr Chan) and Career Development Grant Award K08HS020671 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Dr Chen).
Role of the Sponsors: The GWTG-Resuscitation is sponsored by the American Heart Association, which had no role in the study design, data analysis, or manuscript preparation and revision. This material is the result of work supported with resources of the Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Center for Clinical Management Research, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System.
Group Members: Besides the author, Paul S. Chan, MD, MSc, members of the Get With the Guidelines (GWTG)–Resuscitation Clinical Work Group/National Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Science Advisory Board and Adult Task Force include the following: Robert A. Berg, MD, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia; Paul S. Chan, MD, Mid-America Heart Institute and the University of Missouri; Mary E. Mancini, RN, PhD, University of Texas at Arlington; Emilie Allen, MSN, RN, Parkland Health & Hospital System; Scott Braithwaite, Yale University School of Medicine; Michael W. Donnino, MD, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Kathy Duncan, RN, Institute for Healthcare Improvement; Dana P. Edelson, MD, University of Chicago; Brian Eigel, PhD and Lana Gent, PhD, American Heart Association; Robert T. Faillace, MD, St Joseph’s Regional Medical Center; Romergryko G. Geocadin, MD, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; Elizabeth Hunt, MD, MPH, PhD, Johns Hopkins Medicine Simulation Center; Karl B. Kern, University of Arizona Medical Center; Lynda Knight, RN, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital at Stanford; Kenneth LaBresh, MD, RTI International; Timothy J. Mader, MD, Tufts University; Raina Merchant, MD, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Vincent N. Mosesso Jr, MD, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine; Vinay M. Nadkarni, MD, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Graham Nichol, MD, MPH and Samuel Warren, MD, University of Washington; Joseph P. Ornato, MD, and Mary Ann Peberdy, MD, Virginia Commonwealth University Health System; Comilla Sasson, MD, MS, University of Colorado; and Mindy Smyth, MSN, RN.
Additional Contributions: Mary Jane Giesey, BA, provided research assistance and was compensated for her work.