Accepted for Publication: May 28, 2012.
Published Online: September 10, 2012. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2012.3654
Author Contributions: Dr Vickers had full access to all of the data inthe study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. All authors gave comments on early drafts and approved the final version of the manuscript. Study concept and design: Vickers, Lewith, Foster, Witt, and Linde. Acquisition of data: Vickers, Maschino, MacPherson, Foster, and Witt. Analysis and interpretation of data: Vickers, Cronin, Maschino, Lewith, MacPherson, Foster, Sherman, Witt, and Linde. Drafting of the manuscript: Vickers and Maschino. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Vickers, Cronin, Maschino, Lewith, MacPherson, Foster, Sherman, Witt, and Linde. Statistical analysis: Vickers, Cronin, and Maschino. Obtained funding: Vickers and Linde. Administrative, technical, and material support: Lewith. Study supervision: Vickers.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: The Acupuncture Trialists' Collaboration is funded by an R21 (AT004189I from the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to Dr Vickers) and by a grant from the Samueli Institute. Dr MacPherson's work has been supported in part by the UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) under its Programme Grants for Applied Research scheme (RP-PG-0707-10186). The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NCCAM NHS, the NIHR, or the Department of Health in England.
Role of the Sponsors: No sponsor had any role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
The Acupuncture Trialists' Collaboration: Claire Allen, BS, Cochrane Collaboration Secretariat, Oxford, England; Mac Beckner, MIS, Information Technology and Data Management Center, Samueli Institute, Alexandria, Virginia; Brian Berman, MD, University of Maryland School of Medicine and Center for Integrative Medicine, College Park; Benno Brinkhaus, MD, Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité–University Medical Center, Berlin, Germany; Remy Coeytaux, MD, PhD, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina; Angel M. Cronin, MS, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts; Hans-Christoph Diener, MD, PhD, Department of Neurology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany; Heinz G. Endres, MD, Ruhr–University Bochum, Bochum, Germany; Nadine Foster, DPhil, BSc(Hons), Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Keele University, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, England; Juan Antonio Guerra de Hoyos, MD, Andalusian Integral Plan for Pain Management, and Andalusian Health Service Project for Improving Primary Care Research, Sevilla, Spain; Michael Haake, MD, PhD, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, SLK-Hospitals, Heilbronn, Germany; Richard Hammerschlag, PhD, Oregon College of Oriental Medicine, Portland; Dominik Irnich, MD, Interdisciplinary Pain Centre, University of Munich, Munich, Germany; Wayne B. Jonas, MD, Samueli Institute; Kai Kronfeld, PhD, Interdisciplinary Centre for Clinical Trials (IZKS Mainz), University Medical Centre Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Lixing Lao, PhD, University of Maryland and Center for Integrative Medicine, College Park; George Lewith, MD, FRCP, Complementary and Integrated Medicine Research Unit, Southampton Medical School, Southampton, England; Klaus Linde, MD, Institute of General Practice, Technische Universität München, Munich; Hugh MacPherson, PhD, Complementary Medicine Research Group, University of York, York, England; Eric Manheimer, MS, Center for Integrative Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, College Park; Alexandra Maschino, BS, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York; Dieter Melchart, MD, PhD, Centre for Complementary Medicine Research (Znf), Technische Universität München, Munich; Albrecht Molsberger, MD, PhD, German Acupuncture Research Group, Duesseldorf, Germany; Karen J. Sherman, PhD, MPH, Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington; Hans Trampisch, PhD, Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, Ruhr–University Bochum; Jorge Vas, MD, PhD, Pain Treatment Unit, Dos Hermanas Primary Care Health Center (Andalusia Public Health System), Dos Hermanas, Spain; Andrew J. Vickers (collaboration chair), DPhil, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center; Norbert Victor, PhD (deceased), Institute of Medical Biometrics and Informatics, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany; Peter White, PhD, School of Health Sciences, University of Southampton; Lyn Williamson, MD, MA (Oxon), MRCGP, FRCP, Great Western Hospital, Swindon, and Oxford University, Oxford, England; Stefan N. Willich, MD, MPH, MBA, Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology, and Health Economics, Charité University Medical Center, Berlin; Claudia M. Witt, MD, MBA, University Medical Center Charité and Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Berlin.