Accepted for Publication: September 25, 2011.
Author Contributions: Drs Weuve and Puett had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Drs Laden and Grodstein contributed equally to this article. Study concept and design: Weuve, Puett, Schwartz, Laden, and Grodstein. Acquisition of data: Schwartz, Yanosky, Laden, and Grodstein. Analysis and interpretation of data: Weuve, Puett, Schwartz, Yanosky, Laden, and Grodstein. Drafting of the manuscript: Weuve, Puett, and Yanosky. Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Weuve, Puett, Schwartz, Yanosky, Laden, and Grodstein. Statistical analysis: Weuve, Schwartz, and Yanosky. Obtained funding: Weuve, Laden, and Grodstein. Administrative, technical, and material support: Puett, Yanosky, and Grodstein. Study supervision: Weuve, Laden, and Grodstein.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) grant R21ES016829. Development of the air pollution model was funded by NIEHS grant R01ES017017, and the Nurses' Health Study is supported by National Cancer Institute (NCI) grant P01CA87969. Dr Schwartz's contributions were additionally supported by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) grant RD832416.
Role of the Sponsor: The NIEHS, NCI, and EPA had no involvement in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Previous Presentation: This work was presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology; September 16, 2011; Barcelona, Spain.